If part of the internal tissues, i.e. fat, muscle or intestines, protrude through a weakness in the overlying abdominal wall, hernia occurs. Inguinal or femoral hernias are not uncommon and can produce radiating pain diffusely in the groin area. Hernia could result in serious complications, including intestinal blockages or compromised blood supply, which require immediate treatment.
This is a protrusion of the contents of the abdomen through the peritonial lining due to a weakness of the soft tissues of the abdominal wall. It usually appears as a swelling at some point in the groin area. Of all hernias, 80% are inguinal hernia.
Despite the absence of other pathological findings, hernias are increasingly recognised as a cause of persistent groin pain in active athletes, and probably in later in life to form a fully developed hernia. Sports hernia is understood to be caused by a congenital weakness of the posterior wall of the inguinal channel.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
• Pain in the groin region during running or turning quickly
• Coughing or sneezing can increase pain
• A bulge in the groin area, and the bulge often disappears when lying down
• Pain is often worse on one side, and may radiate laterally, and into the scrotum
• Tenderness over the pubic tubercle of the affected side
• Immediate medical attention is required if you suspect a hernia
• Endoscpic surgery
• Hernias with complications such as strangulation may require emergency surgery
• Gentle exercises 1 – 2 weeks after the operation, and strength training 6 – 10 weeks
after the procedure